Exam questions

[1] Definition and Characteristics of Economics?

[2] Defining macro and micro economy?

[3] Positive and normative economics?

[4] Defining, meeting and sharing needs?

[5] Production process?

[6] Factors of the production process?

[7] Human labor and the economically active population (workforce)?

[8] Employees according to sector of activity?

[9] Natural conditions (objects of labor)?

[10] Equity (labor resources)?

[11] Spending labor resources (Depreciation)?

[12] Production capacity and production relations?

[13] Insufficiency of resources?

[14] Production function?

[15] Production opportunity curve?

[16] Production volume / size factors?

[17] Manufacturer’s surplus?

[18] Consumer’s surplus?

[19] Reproduction?

[20] Forms of reproduction?

[21] Commodity production?

[22] Characteristics of goods?

[23] Types of commodity exchange?

[24] Social production entities?

[25] Efficiency as an economic principle?

[26] Private and public goods?

[27] Shared resource problem?

[28] Forms of ownership?

[29] Concept and types of enterprise?

[30] Defining entrepreneurship?

[31] Enterprise – the core market economy entity?

[32] Production results?

[33] Substitutes and complements?

[34] Social gross product?

[35] The notion of distribution?

[36] Consumption and savings (accumulation and investment)?

[37] Distribution phases?

[38] Rent?

[39] Concept and types of costs?

[40] Total revenue and profit?

[41] Profit rate (pf)?

[42] Investing accumulation in extended reproduction?

[43] Trading capital and profit?

[44] Loan capital and interest?

[45] Interest rate determinants?

[46] Credits – types of credits?

[47] Banks and bank functions?

[48] ​​Equity?

[49] Stocks – the meanings of a stock?

[50] Differences between interest and dividend?

[51] The stock market?

[52] Defining annuity and type of annuity?

[53] Price concept, equilibrium market price?

[54] Money and its functions?

[55] Money as a measure of value?

[56] Cash as a payment method?

[57] Monetary aggregates, liquidity and money yield?

[58] World money?

[59] Defining the market and the market economy system?

[60] Market functions?

[61] Supply?

[62] Aggregate supply factors?

[63] Elasticity of supply?

[64] Demand?

[65] Aggregate demand factors?

[66] Elasticity of demand?

[67] Balance of supply and demand?

[68] Economic function, strategy and types of competition?

[69] Concept and types of taxes (horizontal and vertical equity, Laffer curve)

[70] Absolute and comparative advantage?

[71] Market structures or market models?

[72] Full – perfect competition?

[73] Limited – imperfect competition?

[74] Natural monopoly?

[75] Monopoly and monopson?

[76] Monopolistic competition?

[77] Oligopoly?

[78] Concentration index notion and criteria (Big Four Index, Lerner and Herfindal-Hirschman Index)?

[79] Externalities?

[80] Asymmetric information?

[81] Economic activity cycles /conjunctural cycles?

[82] Inflation (term, inflation rate, types, Phillips curve)?

[83] Unemployment (Okun curve, hidden unemployment, natural unemployment rate)

[84] State regulatory functions?

[85] Concept and Objectives of Antitrust (Sherman, Clayton Law)?

[86]The state, as a producer?

[87] The state, as a consumer?

[88] Notion and Concepts of an economic development?

[89] The concept of a sustainable human development?

[90] International economic integration